The question of finding measures solving the Kashmir Conflict in order to prevent further military escalation between India and Pakistan.

The Kashmir conflict dates back to 1947, when, after the partition of British India, two separate states, India and Pakistan, were created and two provinces, Punjab and Bengal, were to be split along them. Jammu & Kashmir, a princely state at that time, was also affected by their decisions and wanted to stay independent since the population was split between Pakistan and India.

In August 1947, a rebellion broke out in Poonch, a district of Jammu and Kashmir, leading to the intervention of Indian and Pakistani military, thus initiating the first of four Indo-Pakistani wars. It lead to over 7,000 deaths and over 17,000 injured, but otherwise an inconclusive result. The front line solidified gradually and is today still known as the Line of Control (LoC). The war was ended by an UN ceasefire agreement, initiated by India. equIt rired Pakistan to withdraw all of its forces and India to withdraw most of their forces, while allowing them to gain control over ⅔ over the region.

Until today, another three wars have taken place in Jammu & Kashmir between India, Pakistan and partly China, still without a comprehensive solution, as the LoC is still in place as the “de facto” border.

Recently, democratic elections have taken place in the region which did not clearly indicate the public will to be part of either nation or becoming independent, strongly varying from region to region.

After many years of a more or less peaceful situation, in 2016 an unrest arose over the killing of a Kashmiri militant commander, Burhan Wani. Since then, there have been more than 100 deaths and 20,000 injured - almost exclusively affecting civilians. The situation was often described as “war-like”. Since December 2016, violence has once again decreased, but the situation is even more tense than before.