The Historic Security Council
The question of dealing with the Korean Conflict - 23rd June 1950
After the Second World War the Korean Peninsula was divided up into two parts: the North was controlled by the Soviet Union, the South by the U.S.A.. On the 25th of June, 1950, 75.000 soldiers of the North Korean People’s Army crossed the 38th parallel, the border between North and South, into today’s South Korea, overwhelming all opposition. The United Nations Security Council quickly condemned the North Koreans as the aggressors and formed a Coalition with joined UN forces. The conflict quickly developed into a “proxy war” with the United States and the UN coalition on the one side and the People’s Republic of China and North Korea on the other side. With increasing war efforts on both sides, many feared that this war might turn into a Third World War. For three years the war raged on with both sides going back and forth, until no more real territorial gain was made and the war became a static warfare around the initial situation before the conflict: the38th Parallel.
In mid-1951 armistice talks began but with no solution found as there was no agreement hoot pursue with the war prisoners. Two years later an armistice was signed, the prisoners returned home and a demilitarised zone around the 38th Parallel was introduced. However, no real peace treaty was signed, meaning that North and South Korea are technically still at war! During the war both sides suffered immense casualties. Estimations suggest that up to 5 million people died, and amongst of them were many civilians.
In order to discuss this issue, the Historic Security Council will be held on June 23, 1950. The Security Council from then passed the first resolution, concerning this issue, the Resolution 82, on June 25, 1950. Through this “time leap” the HSC will be able to handle the problem on more time.